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Lab Technician Course: Eligibility, Fee, and Career

The health care sector continues to be evolving and the fastest growing industry in the economy leading to the great demand for skilled professionals to meet various requirements of the medical system and increasing population. Lab technician course includes microorganism screening and cell count. It’s mandatory to wear masks, gloves, an apron, goggles, and other protective equipment while collecting specimens.


The image highlights the important features of lab technician course

Doctors and police officials are considered as frontline warriors during covid-19 but we forget to appreciate work done by lab technicians who play a crucial role in testing thousands of samples to detect coronavirus. Lab Technicians often collect samples of body fluids (blood, urine), tissues from patients and perform tests using standard testing protocols for abnormal findings.



In India, Lab technician courses are available in 3 forms

  1. Diploma
  2. Bachelor’s degree
  3. Certificate.


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1. Diploma Courses


A plethora of options is available for medical lab technicians to choose where they would like to work in different fields. There are many specializations and each medical technician is having different roles and responsibilities depending on the field they are working in. Lab technicians find jobs in hospitals, clinics, research laboratories, universities, and the military.


Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology


Lab technician course in DMLT


DMLT career Prospects


DMLT graduates have various employment opportunities, which are listed below:


  • Technicians can open their laboratory and start a business
  • A marketing manager or marketing as a career
  • Can join government job and serve needy and sick people
  • One can start a career in private hospitals by collecting samples of blood, urine, etc. for testing.
  • One can serve in nursing homes based on knowledge gained in course duration.
  • Assistant in hospitals
  • Lab assistant
  • Medical coder
  • Health care assistant
  • Educational consultant
  • Technical lab analyst
  • Health and safety analyst
  • Hospital outreach coordinator


Key Takeaways


  • Learns anatomy and physiology to understand body parts and their functions
  • Strong oral and written communication proficiency
  • Gains knowledge in chemistry and metabolism
  • Gains basic knowledge of morphological features of bacteria, tests for identification of bacteria, and antimicrobial sensitivity tests.
  • Learns histopathology-It is a microscopic examination of pathological tissues to study indications of disease and cytology- it is the study of structure and function of cells.
  • Learns scientific protocols and procedures and techniques for the collection of samples of blood and tissues.
  • Lab technicians should record normal and abnormal findings.
  • Training in hematology- Study of blood, blood diseases, blood disorders, and malignancies


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Duration and Eligibility criteria


DMLT is a 2-year diploma program, the prerequisite is 10+2 in the science stream with a 45-55% aggregate. One can pursue the DMLT course after class 10. However, most of the institutes prefer class 12 students




DMLT program fee-INR 50000-INR 2L




Salary is based on job titles and responsibilities. The average pay is INR 3,25,000-INR 4,50000


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Diploma in Radiology and Imaging Technology


DRIT Program aims towards a basic understanding of various concepts of radio diagnostic technology and medical imaging techniques. They perform medical imaging exams and administer radiotherapy treatments. With the help of radiations, these professionals take visual images of the internal organs of humans. Students will get through training about how to position patients for the best images.


DRIT Career Prospects


The service of radiology technicians is crucial for medical treatment and their demand is on the rise.


  • Ultrasound technician
  • Radiologist assistant
  • Medical advisor
  • Medical image analysis scientist
  • Radiographer
  • Computed tomography specialist
  • Radiology technician
  • MRI technician
  • CAT scan technologist


Key Takeaways


  • Gains complete knowledge in human anatomy
  • Understand core concepts of radiology and imaging techniques in their practice.
  • Plan, analyze, and evaluate the program to address program uses in the health sector for patients.
  • Strong analytical skills
  • Learns radiological and imaging technology for diagnosis of various ailments


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Duration and Eligibility Criteria


DRIT is a 2-year diploma program, the prerequisite is 10+2 in the science stream with physics and chemistry as mandatory subjects and one mathematics/ biology from a recognized university.




DRIT program fee-INR 60,000-INR 2L




The average pay of a radiologist in India is 2-3Lakhs per month.


Diploma In Dialysis Technician


Dialysis is the process of removing excess water, salts, and toxins from blood by using medical equipment in case of kidney failure. It maintains safe levels of potassium, sodium, and bicarbonate in the blood. It regulates blood pressure.


DDT Career Prospects


DDT is a skill development course, which gives immense knowledge about the health sector and its functions. DDT graduates can pursue one of the following job profiles.


  • Dialysis technician
  • Skill trainer
  • Medical assistant
  • Equipment operator
  • Lab assistant
  • Supervisor


Key Takeaways


  • Excellent written and oral communication skills
  • Use updated technologies to provide better health care services
  • Ability to plan, organize and report diagnoses related to treatments
  • Students develop skills that are necessary for treatment
  • Execute well-designed dialysis procedures
  • Develops professional expertise and technical growth.
  • Extensive research on tasks given
  • Monitor patients who go through treatment
  • Analyze patient condition and provide the suitable solution accordingly.
  • Students get through training for maintenance and operation of equipment and dialyzer reprocessing.
  • Learns how to assist patients during painful procedures
  • Adapt safe practice in dialysis by standard protocols
  • Clean, maintain and sterilize equipment’s


Duration and Eligibility Criteria


DDT is a 2-year diploma program with a prerequisite of 10+2 in science stream with physics, chemistry, and biology/mathematics from a recognized board. The minimum aggregate required is 40%.




DDT program fee-INR20, 000-INR1L




The average salary offered for DDT technicians are INR1.5L-INR4L per annum


Diploma in physiotherapy


Physiotherapy is the treatment of injury, disease, and disorders through physical exercises, advice, massages, etc. If required medications are preferred. A physiotherapist gets you involved in your own way. It is about health improvement and wellness.


DPT Career Prospects


Following are some of the job profiles for graduates of DPT who can pursue a career in relevant fields:


  • Physiotherapist
  • Assistant physiotherapist
  • Clinical researcher
  • Private practitioner
  • Sports physio rehabilitator
  • Consultant
  • Lecturer
  • Rehabilitation specialist
  • Community physiotherapist
  • Sports physiotherapist in sports association
  • Therapy manager


Key Takeaways


  • Monitor and record patient’s health and medical performance while exercising under medications.
  • Use medical equipment if necessary
  • Make observations from time to time to deliver results to the physician
  • To prescribe remedial exercises
  • Apply manual therapy, mobilization, and massages for patients required.


Duration and Eligibility


DPT is a 2-year diploma program with prerequisite class 12 in the science stream from a recognized board. The minimum aggregate is 50%.




DPT program fee-INR20, 000-INR4L per annum




The average salary offered for DPT graduates INR 3L- INR 10L


Diploma in operation theatre technology


OT technicians work in operation theatres, emergency wards, and intensive care units. They should prepare operation theatre, maintain surgical equipment’s and provide support to the patient.


DOTT Career prospects


A plethora of job opportunities is available for DOTT technicians in hospitals and healthcare sectors.


  • Operation theatre technician
  • Anesthesia technician
  • Assistant operation theatre technician
  • Associate consultant


Key Takeaways


  • Technical assistance to surgeons and anesthetists.
  • Support and set patient comfortable and post-surgery conditions
  • To give medications and solutions prescribed by the surgeon
  • Maintain equipment and sterilization
  • To manage operation theatre and assist anesthesia technician during the procedure
  • Learns to perform tests that assist in the diagnosis
  • To manage emergencies and usage of life-threatening procedures
  • Gains skills and knowledge required for using lab equipment’s
  • Trains students to perform their duties with high accuracy


Duration and Eligibility criteria


DOTT is a 2year diploma program, prerequisite class 12 with physics, chemistry, and biology subjects from a recognized board. The minimum aggregate required is 40%




DOTT program fee-INR30, 000-INR1.5L per annum




OT technician salary ranges from INR3L-INR10L


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2. Bachelors Degree Courses


Students, who pursue Lab technician courses are trained to become skilled professionals to collect samples from patients, analyze them by using various techniques and handle lab equipment.


Bachelor In Medical Laboratory Technology


The lab technician course is one of the most demanded courses in Paramedical science. It offers students knowledge on how to use lab equipment and diagnostic procedures. It includes collecting information, analyzing, detecting, report and documentation.


BMLT Career prospects


Lab technician course in BMLT

BMLT is an integral part of the health sector


MRI Technician: MRI scans are used to diagnose brain, bone, vascular, ENT ailments, tumors, breast and liver cancer, heart problem, etc. They use radio waves and magnetic fields to create images of a patient’s organs.

CT Scan Technician: CT technician uses computed tomography equipment to take images of patient organs from different views. It helps to locate internal injuries and diagnose diseases.


Quality Control Managers:  Primary responsibility is to product meet quality standards set by the company. They should prevent damage to products at the manufacturing stage and ensure the quality of the product.


Anesthesia Technician: They perform crucial tasks like diagnosing illness, administration of anesthesia, and maintaining equipment. They monitor patients once anesthesia is administrated to ensure that no harmful side effects occur.


Laboratory Supervisor: Responsible for day-to-day activities in a laboratory. They make sure employees follow industry standards and safety regulations for handling and disposing of test samples. Implement and maintain quality assurance.


X-ray Technician: Radiology technologists responsible for producing high-quality images to read and analyze and diagnose diseases. These images detect bone fractures, tumors, foreign substances, etc.


Pathology Technician: These professionals use a microscope and other lab equipment to examine samples. They should collect tissue samples and store specimens. They assist pathologists while performing an autopsy.


Plaster Technician: Orthopaedic/plaster technicians apply casts to body limbs or any other fractured part. It includes applying splints and braces as per the requirements.


Operation Theatre Technician: These technicians should maintain equipment, sterilization, and personal hygiene. They should assist surgeons and the anesthesia team during and after the operation.


Key Takeaways:


  • The lab technician course offers practical and technical knowledge for the right diagnosis and how to run biochemical laboratories effectively.
  • It provides insight for students to learn more efficiently to understand the importance of medical technology and advancements in the field.
  • Lab technician course imparts knowledge on required skills to get successful future.


Duration and Eligibility criteria


BMLT is a 3-year undergraduate program. Candidates should pass class 12 with physics, chemistry, and biology subjects with a minimum aggregate of 50%.

Minimum eligible age-17




BMLT program fee-INR20, 000-INR3L




The average salary offered for BMLT graduates-INR3L-INR5L per annum


Bachelor Of Science In Medical Laboratory Technology


It is an intensive 3-year course, which includes a collection of samples, testing, analyzing, report and documentation in clinical laboratory tests


BSc. MLT Career Prospects


Lab technician course in B.Sc. MLT.


With the development in the health sector, there has been an increase in the demand for skilled professionals. These graduates get jobs in sectors like hospitals, clinics, blood banks, laboratories, colleges, and universities. These professionals can work in different designations like:


R&D Technician: Responsible for assisting the research team with product development projects. They work with the development and research efforts of their organization. Introduce new products and services.


Medical Technician:  It deals with the collection of body fluids for detection, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. They test body fluids and tissue samples for the presence of bacteria, viruses and provide reports to the doctor.


Technical Executive: Technical executive is responsible for the efficient provision, operation, installation, and proper maintenance of system hardware, software, and other related infrastructure.


LIS Analyst: Laboratory System analyst will function as a top-level technical contributor with expertise in specific business which has scope in the future and objectives which are related to company standards.


Healthcare Administrator: Administrators should be expertise in healthcare organizations, including regulatory frameworks, should manage departments within hospitals.


Research Associate: Monitor progress of research projects and coordinate information between various departments. Performs highly specialized and advanced experiments. Collects prepare, analyzes, and evaluates specimens.


Key Takeaways:


  • Study of human body structure (anatomy) and its functions. Understanding anatomy is a key to the practice of medicine.
  • Follows general safety protocols.
  • To control biomedical waste.
  • By using chemical knowledge and techniques can solve biological problems.


Duration and Eligibility


BSc. MLT is a 3-year undergraduate program. Candidates should pass class 12 in the science stream from the recognized board. The minimum aggregate is 45-55%




BSc. MLT program fee-INR10, 000-INR4L per annum




The average annual salary ranges from INR3L-INR8L


B.Sc. In Nursing


Nursing is a crucial part of our medical system. These professionals have to serve sick people with affection, patience, and caring nature. During the pandemic covid-19, everyone realized the importance of the health sector.


B.Sc. Nursing Career Prospects


After completion of B.Sc. in nursing, candidates have a plethora of job opportunities:


  • Nurse
  • Nurse administrator
  • Ward nurse
  • Home care nurse
  • Clinic specialist
  • Nurse assistant
  • Nursing tutor
  • Nursing educator
  • Medical staff manager
  • Nursing assist supervisor


Key Takeaways


  • To help the patient recover from physical ailments
  • To inject medications
  • To maintain IV levels
  • To follow up patients records to find any abnormal readings
  • Interaction with patients improves communication skills and behavioral skills
  • To enhance patience which is essential in the nursing profession


Duration and Eligibility


B.Sc. Nursing is a 3-year undergraduate program. Candidates should complete class 12 in the science stream with physics, chemistry, and biology as mandatory subjects.




B.Sc. Nursing program fee-INR5000-INR2.5L




B.Sc. Nursing graduates can earn from INR2.5L-INR8L per annum


B.Sc. In Physiotherapy


Due to a busy life schedule, we don’t allocate time for daily physical activities, as a result of this- back pain, body aches, and dysfunction of organs come into the picture. Physiotherapy is a treatment to address a person’s illness or injuries that restricts them to mobilize and perform regular activities.


BPT Career Prospects


B.Sc. Physiotherapy jobs are abundant due to the high demand for quality health care in the medical field.


  • Physiotherapist
  • Assistant physiotherapist
  • Researcher
  • Private practitioner
  • Research assistant
  • Consultant
  • Osteopath
  • Fitness trainer


Key Takeaways


  • To help patients recover from illness, aging, disabilities, and dying
  • Usage of physical exercises such as touch, massages, stretching to treat patients.
  • Ability to operate equipment
  • To improve mobility
  • To treat sprains, back pain, and posture problems
  • Rehabilitating people after injuries or diseases
  • To introduce exercise to reduce and manage pain


Duration and Eligibility


DPT is a 3year undergraduate program. Candidates should complete class 12 in the science stream with physics, chemistry, and biology as the main subjects. The minimum aggregate should be 50%




DPT program fee-INR30, 000-INR4L per annum




The average salary ranges from INR3.5L-INR10L


3. Certificate Courses


Certificate courses are short-term specialized courses. Certificate course in MLT deals with the collection of samples, testing, analysis, detecting, reporting, and documentation of lab tests. This course is concise and short term unlike a bachelor’s degree, which is in a detailed manner and can gain in-depth knowledge. This course offers technical level training and education.


Certificate Course In Medical Laboratory Technology


Certificate course in MLT deals with how to diagnose, detect and treat diseases.


CMLT Career Prospects


CMLT course used to obtain entry-level technician jobs


  • Medical officer
  • Research associate
  • Laboratory testing manager
  • Associate manager
  • Medical record technician
  • Lab Technician


Key Takeaways


  • Learns skills required for handling equipment for laboratory tests
  • Gains knowledge in basics of metabolism, immunology, and microbial morphology
  • To perform tests that help in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases


Duration and Eligibility


CMLT is 6 months duration program. Candidates should complete class 10 from the recognized board.




CMLT program fee-INR5000-INR1L




The average annual salary ranges from INR1.5L-INR5L


Some of the well-known certificate courses are

Certificate in Medical Imaging Technology

Certificate in clinical laboratory technology


Roles  & Responsibilities


Lab Technicians do hands-on work in research and analysis. Lab technician course enables to interact with patients and make them comfortable during unpleasant situations. Lab Technicians should possess patience and should be empathetic towards the patient.


  • Collecting blood, tissue samples from patients.
  • Analyze body fluids to record normal and abnormal findings
  • Preparation of reagents required for testing
  • Data entry to store patient records
  • Cleaning and testing the Sterility of equipment’s like flask, cylinder, pipettes
  • Should analyze chemical content of fluids
  • Preparation of specimens to send to various laboratories.
  • Specimen procurement inwards
  • Find missing specimens that can be poured off for testing
  • Lab technician course enables you to examine samples for parasites, presence of drugs and chemical contamination
  • Phlebotomy
  • Lab Technicians should possess strong communication skills.
  • Should use safe disposal methods for discarding waste.
  • Maintain quality standards
  • Routine verification of freezer temperature
  • To ensure final reports of patients
  • Assist with filing requisitions
  • Should organize blood groups by identifying cell morphology for transfusions
  • Storage of specimens in the fridge, incubators, etc.
  • Discuss with physicians regarding findings and procedures of clinical tests
  • The lab technician course enables the operation of lab equipment and the stocking of lab supplies.
  • Create a backup (emergency) plan for unpredicted circumstances.
  • Should organize samples in one place for different purposes (To avoid mix-ups)
  • Should follow protocols and procedures daily


Lab Technician course Upskill candidates to improve the standard of living and environment we live in.




A Lab Technician course provides certain key attributes to get progress in the field


Communication Skills: Technicians should write reports and deliver information to physicians and should explain it verbally. So, one should have strong written as well as oral communication skills.

Leadership Skills: Leaders should think about the best path to get a better output, which exceeds expectations. Leaders set the standards for people based on their lives.

Emotion Stability: Technicians deal with patient personal information and interact with patients during painful conditions; they should remain emotionally stable, which shouldn’t impact their work.

Technical Skills: Working knowledge of MS-Excel and database systems are requisite.

Strong Analytical Skills: It involves a methodical step-by-step approach that allows you to break complex series into simpler forms. It is the ability to solve problems quickly and efficiently.

Time Management: Time management is all about focus and discipline. First, maintain the checklist of topmost priorities and check the box once the task is completed, and manage your time.

Research: The lab technician course gives the ability to find, collect, analyze, interpret and evaluate relevant information to get the solutions. It provides immense knowledge and the ability to conduct thorough research with utmost accuracy.

Problem Solving Skills: Lab technicians should be able to identify, analyze and describe problems. Observe the root causes and develop alternate solutions




Depending on parameters like geographical location, statutory requirements, demand, and supply, job profile, the profile of the employer, skills, employee qualification, etc. pay scale varies.

Based on different institutions fee alters

Minimum aggregate also varies based on reservation (OBC/SC/ST)

Choose a profession that you are passionate about. Before establishing a career you should be able to answer the following question:

What Career Is Right For Me?




Due to covid-19 people across the world are restricted to their homes. Educational institutions, transportation, malls, theatre, and almost every business are closed to control the pandemic. The health sector is the only industry to help covid-19 patients with selfless services, great dedication, and hard work. They are true heroes fighting the pandemic. Appreciate their efforts.

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