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How Do Investment Banks Invest Money? Read On To Find Out

Ever wondered how exactly investment banks invest money? Investment Banks have a special division that helps individuals and organizations to raise capital and also helps them in making financial decisions. They act as an intermediary between the security issuers and investors to help their new firms grow and go public. Security issuers is a legal entity that develops, registers, and sells securities to finance its operations. They can be corporations, investment trusts, or any government body. In India, the Central Government is an issuer security that issues both treasury bills and bonds or dated securities, while the State Government issues only bonds or dated securities.


Investment Banks play a major role in the financial system and economy across the globe. The primary functions of any Investment Bank are:

Capital Raising: It is one of the crucial functions of Investment Banks. This process helps companies raise capital by issuing stock bonds allowing companies to fund their operations and expand by taking up new projects. Structuring the financial instruments and sales to investors is one of the responsibilities of an Investment Bank.

Mergers & Acquisitions: Investment Banks are the key players in mergers & acquisitions and other restructuring activities. They advise those companies who are looking to buy and sell businesses, helping them with negotiation, valuation and deal structuring.

Underwriting: It is a process in which Investment Banks take a risk by buying shares and bonds of companies and then making them available to the public. With the help of this process, companies have more access to the capital market more efficiently. In this method, the lender verifies the income, assets, debts, credits and property details to grant any kind of financial support.

Market Making: Investment Banks buy and sell financial instruments to act as market makers. This helps them to provide liquidity of capital to the market, helping and making it easier for the investors to buy and selling of securities. This role helps maintain an orderly and efficient financial system.

Research: The Investment Bank’s important role involves researching companies, industries and economic trends. This research helps investors and clients make informed investment decisions. These reports prepared by Investment Banks have a big impact on market trends and strategies.

Risk Management: Risk management services provided by Investment Banks help to mitigate financial risks for their clients. It includes currency fluctuations, interest rates and commodity prices.

Wealth Management: It is a key service provided by Investment Banks where Individuals get personalised services from a relationship manager assigned to them. A relationship manager is a dedicated individual advising their clients on their portfolios, investments and financial investments about how, where and when to invest their capital which also totally depends on their risk appetite.

Global Economic Growth: Contributing to economic growth, Investment Banks play a major role through the expansion of the companies that creates more job opportunities and felicitating capital flow. They also have an important contribution to the development of emerging markets by attracting foreign investments.

Innovations and Financial Products: The innovations of financial products and instruments provide investors with new ways and tricks to manage their financial risk and achieve their financial goals.

Economic Stability: Managing risk, handling financial services, and capital markets, Investment Banks contribute to the overall economic stability of the financial system and consequently help in the growth of the economy.

Recommend Read For Investment Banking Course-related Information:

How do banks Invest Money?

The banking system works on a process and that process involves, money deposited by customers in their savings accounts and in return which bank pays a certain amount of interest yearly. The money deposited by the customers in the bank is rotated by the Investment Banks to various segments like business loans, credit cards, and government bonds. Borrowers have to pay back the money to the bank with the agreed amount of interest rate. This is how Investment Banks Invest Money in various ways for profitable growth.

Below Are the Few Ways How Investment Banks Invest Money on Behalf of Their Customers:

1. Initial Public Offerings (IPOs):

Through Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) companies go public by issuing their stocks in the financial market with the help of Investment Banks.

2. Asset Management:

This process involves managing the portfolios of the clients and advising them on how and where to invest their capital as per their risk tolerance.

3. Forex Exchange:

Trading in forex exchange in the currency market is a way how Investment Banks Invest Money to earn money through commissions and fees.

4. Loan Facility:

These Investment Banks lend money to their customers through various loan options like business loans, vehicle loans, and personal loans and also by giving credit card facilities to deserving customers who can repay the money to the bank within the agreed time and interest rate that was mutually decided by both the parties.

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Top Investment Banks In India:

State Bank Of India:

It is a multinational public sector bank and financial services statuary body headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra ranks 48th largest bank in the world. It is a financial powerhouse, that provides banking services like savings accounts, current accounts, fixed deposits, personal loans, educational loans, SME loans and many other services.

The State Bank of India offers a wide range of operations. Some of the key aspects of State Bank of India operations are:

Retail Banking:

State Bank of India offers a wide range of retail banking services to its customers like savings and current accounts, fixed deposits, recurring deposits and various types of loans.

Corporate Banking:

Catering to the needs of the corporate clients by providing services like capital loans, term loans, corporate accounts, project financing and term finance.

International Banking:

State Bank of India is one of the renowned banks in India and across the globe. The State Bank of India is present in many countries and is known for offering various services like Non-Resident Indian (NRI) banking, foreign exchange services and international trade finance.

Digital Method:

The world is moving towards digitalisation where SBI provides online mobile banking services which help customers to perform financial transactions and other banking services.


Mergers and acquisitions and other financial services fall into this category where Investment Banks help their customers with investment strategies and earn money through fees and commissions.

Insurance and Asset Management:

State Bank of India offers services like insurance and asset management to its customers with its subsidiaries like SBI Life Insurance and SBI Mutual Fund.

Public Bank:

State Bank of India is a public sector bank and plays a crucial role in handling transactions like collecting taxes and pensions and many other financial transactions.

Upgraded Technology:

Like other banks, SBI also believes in adapting new technologies and innovations to help their customers in overcoming their financial challenges. New technologies like AI, machine learning and blockchain are also covered.

By providing the above-mentioned operation services to its clients, State Bank of India attract many new customers and retains old loyal ones. Many customers mean a large amount of cash deposit which is used by the bank for various purposes. This is how the State Bank of India as an Investment bank invests money in different segments.

ICICI Securities:

It is a subsidiary of ICICI Bank, one of the largest banks in India. It is a leading retail brokerage firm that offers a wide range of financial services.

ICICI Securities is continuously working towards the welfare of its customers and how as an Investment Bank invests money in various sectors and segments for profitable growth and also to make sure that its customers’ money is safe and invested in the right place.

Following Are the Key Services Provided by ICICI Securities:

Equity and Derivatives Trading: ICICI Securities provides an online trading platform for its customers to buy and sell stocks and derivatives in the Indian stock market.

Commodity trading: With commodity trading, customers are allowed to invest in various commodities such as gold, silver, and agricultural products.

Investment Banking: Investment banking services are provided to the companies at ICICI Bank Securities where they are helped with Initial Public Offerings (IPOs), mergers and acquisitions, and other financial advisory services.

Wealth Management: Wealth Management services at ICICI Securities help its clients to manage and grow their capital through various financial products.

Research and Advisory: Research and Advisory services help clients to make important decisions related to their finances based on the reports submitted by the bank. Research and Advisory includes market analysis, stock information and other research-based information.

NRI Banking: Providing investment opportunities to individuals staying abroad who are also known as Non-Resident Indians (NRI ) clients in the Indian financial market is one of the key roles of Investment Banks.

HDFC BANK Limited: It is an Indian bank providing financial services to a good number of customers across the country was incorporated in 1994 as a subsidiary of the Housing and Development Finance Corporation, headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is India’s largest private sector bank by assets and the world’s fifth-largest bank by market capitalization as of August 2023. HDFC Bank is the 3rd largest company on Indian stock exchanges.

Below Are the Few Services Provided and Various Ways How HDFC Bank as an Investment Bank Invest Money:

Retail Banking:

  • Savings and Current Accounts
  • Fixed Deposits
  • Recurring Deposits


  • Home Loans
  • Personal loans
  • Car Loans
  • Education Loans
  • Gold Loans

Credit Cards:

  • HDFC offers a variety of credit cards with each type of card having different benefits

Investment and Wealth Management:

  • Mutual Funds
  • Demat Accounts
  • Different types of Insurance
  • National Pension

Online Banking:

  • Internet Banking
  • Mobile Banking

Corporate Banking:

  • Business Loans
  • Working Capital Finance
  • Trade Services

NRI Banking:

  • NRI Accounts
  • NRI Deposits
  • NRI Loans
  • Remittances

Digital Banking:

  • HDFC provides digital banking services like online banking and digital wallets like Gpay, and Paytm.


  • Debit cards
  • Credit cards
  • Forex cards

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 Forex Services:

  • Foreign Exchange Services
  • Treasury and Forex Advisory

Below Are the Common Schemes Offered Where HDFC Bank as an Investment Bank invests money:

  • Mutual Funds: HDFC Bank offers a variety of mutual fund schemes to help its customers gain capital profits.
  • Stock Market: These services include online trading, and investment advisory where customers can trade in the Indian financial market.
  • Fixed Deposits: Fixed deposits are the most secure investment plans for customers with decent interest rates.
  • Bonds and Debentures: Investing in bonds and debentures allows customers to earn a fixed amount of interest over a specified period. These bonds can be government or corporate.
  • Insurance Products: Various insurance products such as health insurance, life insurance, and general insurance are offered by HDFC Bank in collaboration with Insurance companies.
  • National Pension System (NPS): To secure old age and to enable systematic financial savings, HDFC offers the National Pension System (NPS) which is a long-term retirement scheme.
  • Systematic Investment Plans (SIP): Systematic Investment Plans are small regular investment plans that help customers save their money and withdraw it without much hassle.
  • AXIS BANK: Axis Bank is an Indian private sector bank, headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It was founded on December 3rd 1993 as UTI Bank, which later changed to Axis Bank. It is a renowned bank ranking with some of the top banks in India. Like other Investment banks, Axis Bank as one of the top Investment banks invests the money of their clients in various segments expecting a better return for the profitable growth that is beneficial for the Bank and its clients.

Here Are Some of the Basic Operations of Axis Banks and How as an Investment Bank Invest Money for Profitability:

Retail Banking: Retail banking services like savings accounts, fixed deposits, personal loans, home loans, and other retail lending products to its customers.

Corporate Banking: Offering corporate services to its clients like capital loans, term loans, trade finances, cash management, and other corporate services is one of the key responsibilities of Axis Bank.

Digital Banking: Digitalization is the new way of banking and to enhance customers’ experience Axis Bank along with other Investment Banks focuses on providing digital services to its customers. These services include mobile banking apps and digital payment solutions.

International Operations: Axis Bank has a global presence and offers services to NRIs such as NRI banking, trade finance, and correspondent banking.

Investment Banking: The bank provides advisory services along with Investment Banking services for mergers and acquisitions, capital marketing transactions, and other financial services.

Wealth Management: Wealth Management services cater to the needs of high-net-worth individuals and advise them on how to invest their capital for maximum financial growth.

Insurance and Mutual Funds: Axis Bank offers various insurance and mutual fund services to its clients through tie-ups with different insurance companies and asset management firms.

ATM Network: Axis Bank offers a large number of ATM services across the country to help its customers with user-friendly cash transactions.

Technology and Innovation: Like all other banks, Axis Bank too is focusing on leveraging technology and innovation services and providing new products.

Below is the List of a Few Top Global Investment Bank and the Ways How These Investment Banks Invest Money in Customers in Various Sectors for Profitable Growth:

JP Morgan Chase: JP Morgan Chase is an American multinational company founded in the year 2003, headquartered in New York City and incorporated in Delaware. It is the largest bank in The United States Of America, and the world’s largest bank by market capitalization as of 2023.

Like Indian Banks, Global Investment Banks Invest Money of their customers in various segments and earn commissions or fees through this process.

Some of the Investment Activities Undertaken by JP Morgan Chase Are:

  • Asset management: JP Morgan is a well-known name in the asset management industry and is globally recognised. Their major role is to deal with mergers and acquisitions, to provide advisory services to their clients related to the financial challenges they face and to research the market. This market research is conducted by them to assess the economic conditions and help in risk analysis.
  • Equity Investments: JP Morgan invests their customer’s money in stocks and also actively manages their portfolios. This is one of the processes by which Investment Banks Invest Money for their clients.
  • Fixed Income Investments: These are investing in government bonds, corporate bonds, and other debt instruments. The income is generated through the interests earned through capital appreciation.
  • Other Investments: This category is about investing in real estate and traditional stocks and bonds. These investments have higher risk with higher returns.
  • Risk Management: This process involves minimizing the business risk and potential losses through a process of investing their own money and their customer’s money in various financial instruments.
  • Advisory Services: Portfolio management, investment advice, and helping them strategies their finances as per their risk tolerance.
  • Research and Analysis: A team of qualified analysts is hired and assigned the job of researching and analyzing global markets and securities. This research helps them in making financial decisions as per their risk appetite.

The Mentioned Above Ways Are How JP Morgan Chase & Co. as an Investment bank invests money on Behalf of Their Customers.

  • Goldman Sachs: Goldman Sachs is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company, founded in 1869, that is headquartered in Manhattan in New York City. It is the world’s second-largest investment bank by revenue and is also ranked on the Fortune 500 list.

Goldman Sachs, how like all other Investment Banks invests money on behalf of their customers in various segments and also helps them in making crucial financial decisions by providing them advisory services by keeping their risk tolerance in mind.

A few of Goldman Sachs’s Operations Are Mentioned Below:

  • Investment Banking: Goldman Sachs is a globally recognised and renowned name in the Investment banking division. Things like mergers and acquisitions, underwriting and advising clients on capital investments are core responsibilities of Goldman Sachs as an Investment Bank.
  • Risk Management: Helping clients manage their risk as well as managing their own risk as well, Goldman Sachs earns commission and fees. In this process it is customers’ money which is invested in these different segments, this is a common process for how Investment Banks Invest Money for their customers and make money.
  • Diverse Investments: Like other Investment Banks, Goldman Sachs invests its client’s money in some of the traditional investments like real estate, government bonds and shares.


 1.   How do Investment Banks Invest Money?

A very small portion of our money deposited in these Investment Banks is held as cash at these banks, while the rest of the money which is the majority of the bank’s assets is invested into various loans like vehicle, business and personal loans given to the customers, credits cards and government bonds. The customers have to repay these loans as per the agreed interest rates and tenure between the bank and the customers.

2.   What is the major function of Investment Banking?

Investment banks are believed to be the safest place for individuals and corporations to keep their money safely and also get advisory services on their finances. Investment Banks play a major role in the financial strategies of an individual. Their key functions are to advise businesses and governments on how to meet their financial challenges and help them resolve them and reach the expected results.

3.   How Investment Banks make money?

The Investment Bank invests money on behalf of their clients if the client makes money over and above their principal amount, the investment banks charge some amount of percentage on return. This process is often called asset management.


There are various key takeaways to understanding how Investment Banks Invest Money. They are:

Investment Banks provide a variety of financial services such as research, trading, and underwriting and act as advisors to their clients on Mergers and acquisitions. The investment banks trade their own firm’s capital and through this, they earn commissions and fees on underwriting new security issues via bonds. They also act as asset managers for their clients. It is also to be noted that the above-mentioned strategies and operations of different banks might change over time based on the market conditions and requirements.



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