Top 10 Different Types of Engineering Courses In India.

With so many different types of engineering courses in India, our country has the highest number of engineering colleges with a large number of engineering students graduating every year. A graduate from any reputed engineering institution is likely to get a minimum salary of INR 25,000 to INR 30,000 per month.

 

The image demonstrates the top 10 different types of Engineering courses in India

 

What does the word ‘ engineering ‘ mean?

 

The word ‘ engineer ‘ came from ‘ ingenium‘ which in Latin means ‘ ingenious ‘. Ingenious means someone who could solve problems. From this came the English word ‘ Engineer ‘.

 

What is engineering?

 

Engineering is a method of creative application of the knowledge of science and mathematics to solve real-world problems or design and innovate something new. People who study engineering and take it up as a profession are called engineers.

 

Who should study engineering?

 

Anyone can study engineering. You can become an engineer if you like designing or have problem-solving skills. In the number of different types of engineering courses in India, there is a subject for everyone based on their strengths and passion. You can study engineering if you are inclined towards technology or if you love science and biology. You can also become an engineer with good analytical and practical skills.

 

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What is the scope of engineering in India?

 

Indian engineers are considered to be the most skilled in their technical knowledge and are in high demand throughout the world. In this growing digital era, many overseas companies are establishing their base in India creating a huge demand for skilled engineers. New fields and branches are being added every year to the list of different types of engineering courses in India as science and technology are advancing.

 

Having said this, these different types of engineering courses in India rank differently and so do the scope of work in that particular field.

 

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Let us look at the Top 10 different types of engineering courses in India

 

The image shows the top 10 different types of engineering courses in India

 

1. Computer Science Engineering

 

Computer Science Engineering is the most popular branch of engineering and ranks the highest among all the different types of engineering courses in India. Computer Science Engineers use programming languages to develop processes and help find software solutions to specific requirements of different businesses.

 

A Computer Science Engineer is typically known as a Software Engineer and they are one of the most employable people in the world right now.

 

With the rise in the digital era, the information technology (IT) sector in the world is growing by the year. There is a lot of competition but with our growing dependence on technology for our day-to-day activities, there will always be a demand for Computer Science Engineers.

 

Computer Science Engineers can work in fields such as information technology, website design, and development, gaming, app design and development, artificial intelligence, multimedia, computer hardware, and software maintenance, etc.

 

Core Subjects:

Maths and Computer Programming Languages

 

Type of Degrees:

Diploma in Computer Science Engineering (Polytechnic Diploma – 3 years)

Bachelors of Technology / Bachelors of Engineering (B.Tech/B.E – 4 years)

Masters of Technology / Masters of Engineering (M.Tech/M.E – 2 years)

 

Eligibility:

10 or 10+2 schooling for Diploma

10+2 schooling with 60% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM) stream or 10+Diploma in Computer Science Engineering for B.Tech.

Graduation in Computer Science Engineering for M.Tech.

Pass the Common Entrance Test conducted by the state or central government and the entrance exam by the specific private university.

 

Top Computer Sci. Engg. Colleges in India are:

 

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Madras)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT New Delhi)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kharagpur)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kanpur)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Roorkee)
  • Birla Inst. of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Guwahati)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Hyderabad)
  • College of Engineering, Anna University (CEG Chennai)
  • NIT Trichy, Tirucirapalli
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT BHU Varanasi)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Indore)

 

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2. Mechanical Engineering

 

Among the different types of engineering courses in India, Mechanical Engineering is the second most popular branch of engineering which deals with the design, development, production, operations, and maintenance of machines. Mechanical Engineers design the mechanism of all machines.

 

Any field that makes use of machinery, requires Mechanical Engineers to design, build as well as maintain them.

 

Mechanical Engineering plays an important role in various fields such as automobile, chemical manufacturing plants, aerospace, medical, research, and development among many others. Robotics and mechatronics are two fields that are highly pursued by mechanical engineers these days.

 

Core Subjects:

Physics, Maths, and Technical Drawing

 

Type of Degrees:

Diploma in Mechanical Engineering (Polytechnic Diploma – 3 years)

Bachelors or Technology / Bachelors of Engineering (B.Tech/B.E – 4 years)

Masters of Technology / Masters of Engineering (M.Tech/M.E – 2 years)

 

Eligibility:

10 or 10+2 schooling for Diploma.

10+2 schooling with 60% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM) stream or 10+Diploma in Mechanical Engineering for B.E.

Graduation in Mechanical Engineering for M.Tech.

Pass the common entrance test conducted by the state or central government and the entrance exam by the specific private university.

 

Top Mechanical Engineering Colleges in India are:

 

  • Indian Inst. of Technology (IIT Chennai)
  • Indian Inst. of Technology (IIT New Delhi)
  • Indian Inst. of Technology (IIT Mumbai)
  • Indian Inst. of Technology (IIT Kharagpur)
  • Indian Inst. of Technology (IIT Kanpur)
  • Indian Inst. of Technology (IIT Roorkee)
  • Birla Inst. of Technology and Science (BITS-Pilani)
  • Indian Inst. of Technology (IIT Guwahati)
  • Indian Inst. of Technology (IIT Hyderabad)
  • The University of Engineering,  (CEG Chennai)
  • National Inst. of Technology (NIT Tiruchirappalli)
  • National Inst. of Technology (NIT Surathkal)

 

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3. Civil Engineering

 

In all the different types of engineering courses in India, Civil Engineering is among the top 5. It is a branch of engineering which deals with planning, designing, construction, and maintenance of structures and services that we use every day such as buildings, roads, footpaths, bridges, airports, canals, sewage systems, parks, etc.

 

As long there is development in the world, Civil Engineers will be required to plan cities, construct buildings and maintain them.

 

Unlike other engineering jobs, the job in the Civil Engineering field is both indoor and outdoor. Along with designing and technical work at the office, they also have on-site supervision of construction projects. One can work for the government or private sector as a construction or structural engineer.

 

Core Subjects:

Physics, Maths, and Structural Design

 

Type of Degrees:

Diploma in Civil Engineering (Polytechnic Diploma – 3 years)

Bachelors of Technology / Bachelors of Engineering (B.Tech/B.E – 4 years)

Masters of Technology / Masters of Engineering (M.Tech/M.E – 2 years)

 

Eligibility:

10 or 10+2 schooling for Diploma.

10+2 schooling with 60% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM) stream or 10+Diploma in Civil Engineering for B.E.

Graduation in Engineering for M.Tech.

Pass the common entrance test conducted by the state or central government and the entrance exam by the specific private university.

 

Top Civil Engineering Colleges in India are:

 

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Bombay)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Delhi)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kanpur)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kharagpur)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Madras)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Roorkee)
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS-Pilani)
  • Indian Inst. of Technology ( IIT Guwahati )
  • National Inst. of Technology ( NIT Tiruchirappalli )
  • Delhi Technical University
  • National Inst. of Technology ( NIT Warangal )
  • National Inst. of Technology ( NIT Surathkal )

 

4. Chemical Engineering

 

Chemical Engineers provide man-made alternatives to the limited and depleting natural resources. Like graduates from different types of engineering courses in India, Chemical Engineering graduates can work in various industries such as pharmaceuticals for the manufacturing of drugs, cosmetics, food and beverage, energy (oil, glass & nuclear), automobile and aviation, agriculture, manufacturing (plastic, glass, paint).

 

Core Subjects:

Physics, Maths, and Chemistry

 

Type of Degrees:

Diploma in Chemical Engineering (Polytechnic Diploma – 3 years)

Bachelors of Technology / Bachelors of Engineering (B.Tech/B.E – 4 years)

Masters of Technology / Masters of Engineering (M.Tech/M.E – 2 years)

 

Eligibility:

10 or 10+2 schooling for Diploma.

10+2 schooling with 60% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM) stream or 10+Diploma in Chemical Engineering for B.E.

Graduation in Engineering for M.Tech.

Pass the common entrance test conducted by the state or central government and the entrance exam by the specific private university.

 

Top Chemical Engineering Colleges in India are:

 

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Madras)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT New Delhi)
  • Chandigarh University, Chandigarh
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Bombay)
  • Manipal Institute of Higher Education (MAHE, Manipal)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kharagpur)
  • Hindusthan Inst. of Technology & Science (HITS, Chennai)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kanpur)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Roorkee)
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS-Pilani)
  • Indian Inst. of Technology ( IIT Guwahati )
  • Indian Inst. of Technology ( IIT Hyderabad )

 

5. Electronics & Communications Engineering

 

Electronics Engineering is also called Electronics & Communications and it is a subfield of Electrical Engineering. This is a branch of engineering that deals with electricity to build small electronic circuits and devices.

 

Like all other different types of engineering courses in India, Electronics Engineering is an extremely vast subject by itself that there are multiple specific engineering branches under it like Medical Electronics, Telecommunications, Digital Electronics, and Power Electronics to name a few.

 

Electronics Engineering was born in the era of telephone and telegraph and today its application is everywhere, from the mobile phones we use to the air-crafts we travel in. Electronics Engineers are required in industries such as medical, data communications, aeronautical, electronics design & development, power plants, automotive, etc

 

Core Subjects:

Physics, Maths, and Circuit Design

 

Type of Degrees:

Diploma in Electronics and Communications Engineering (Polytechnic Diploma – 3 years)

Bachelors of Technology / Bachelors of Engineering (B.Tech/B.E – 4 years)

Masters of Technology / Masters of Engineering (M.Tech/M.E – 2 years)

 

Eligibility:

10 or 10+2 schooling for Diploma

10+2 schooling with 60% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM) stream or 10+Diploma in Electronics Engineering for B.E.

Graduation in Engineering for M.Tech.

Pass the common entrance test conducted by the state or central government and the entrance exam by the specific private university.

 

Top Electronics & Communications Engg. Colleges in India:

 

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Chennai)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT New Delhi)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Mumbai)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kharagpur)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Roorkee)
  • Birla Institute of Technology (BITS Pilani)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Guwahati)
  • College of Engineering, Anna University (CEG Chennai)
  • NIT Trichy, Tiruchirapalli
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Indore)
  • Jadavpur University (JU Kolkata)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Dhanbad)

 

6. Biotechnology Engineering

 

Biotechnology Engineering is a branch of engineering which is a combination of technology and biology for the research and development of products and processes. In the different types of engineering courses in India, Biotechnology Engineering is one such area of study that biology enthusiasts would love to take up.

 

Biotechnology is used in various fields such as medical, agriculture, food & beverage, animal husbandry, fisheries, pollution control, and energy production.

 

Owing to its vast area of study, many private and government organizations like medical and agricultural research labs, pharmaceutical laboratories, other reputed and related organizations require biotechnology engineers for research and development of vaccines, drugs, food preservatives, pesticides, insecticides, etc.

 

Core Subjects:

Maths, Chemistry, Biology and Computer Science

 

Type of Degrees:

Diploma in Biotechnology Engineering (Polytechnic Diploma – 3 years)

Bachelors of Technology / Bachelors of Engineering (B.Tech/B.E – 4 years)

Masters of Technology / Masters of Engineering (M.Tech/M.E – 2 years)

 

Eligibility:

10 or 10+2 schooling for Diploma

10+2 schooling with 60% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) stream or 10+Diploma in Biotechnology Engineering for B.Tech.

Graduation in Biotechnology for M.Tech.

Pass the common entrance test conducted by the state or central government and the entrance exam by the specific private university.

 

Top Biotechnology Engineering Colleges in India are:

 

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Madras)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT New Delhi)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kharagpur)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kanpur)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Roorkee)
  • Birla Inst. of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Guwahati)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Hyderabad)
  • Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT Mumbai)
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT Rourkela)
  • Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT Vellore)
  • National Institute of Technology (NITK Surathkal)

 

7. Automobile Engineering

 

In between all the different types of engineering courses in India, there are certain niche and passion-driven subjects like Automobile Engineering, also known as Automotive Engineering. It is a branch of engineering which deals with the designing, development, production, and service of vehicles.

 

One who is very enthusiastic about automobiles and would specifically like to work in the automobile industry would opt for Automobile Engineering.

 

Automobile Engineers work in various departments in an automobile company such as design, research & development, manufacturing, and testing of vehicles. One can also have their own business of building, servicing, and testing bikes, cars, etc.

 

Core Subjects:

Maths, Physics, Design Softwares

 

Type of Degrees:

Diploma in Automobile Engineering (Polytechnic Diploma – 3 years)

Bachelors of Technology / Bachelors of Engineering (B.Tech/B.E – 4 years)

Masters of Technology / Masters of Engineering (M.Tech/M.E – 2 years)

 

Eligibility:

10 or 10+2 schooling for Diploma

10+2 schooling with 60% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM) stream or 10+Diploma in Automobile Engineering for B.Tech.

Graduation in Engineering for M.Tech.

Pass the common entrance test conducted by the state or central government and the entrance exam by the specific private university.

 

Top Automobile Engineering Colleges in India are:

 

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Chennai)
  • Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT Vellore)
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT Warangal)
  • Birla Institute of Technology (BIT Ranchi)
  • Amity University, Noida
  • SRM Engineering College, Kanchipuram)
  • Manipal Institute of Technology (MIT Manipal)
  • P.S.G College of Technology (PSGCT Coimbatore)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTUH Hyderabad)
  • Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT Bhubaneswar)
  • Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishnankovil
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT Agartala)

 

8. Aerospace Engineering

 

Aerospace Engineering or Aeronautical Engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with designing, development, production, service, and maintenance of aircraft and spacecraft.

 

All countries make use of aerospace every day to travel, transport goods, and for military purposes. There is a great demand for aerospace engineers in general aviation industries, space agencies, logistical companies, and government institutions.

 

Based on the specialization in a master’s degree, an Aeronautical Engineering specialist will be designing aircraft, jets, airplanes, and helicopters. An astronautical engineer will be designing spacecraft, rockets, spaceships, satellites, etc.

 

Core Subjects:

Maths, Physics, Computer Science and Design

 

Type of Degrees:

Diploma in Aerospace Engineering (Polytechnic Diploma – 3 years )

Bachelors of Technology / Bachelors of Engineering (B.Tech/B.E – 4 years)

Masters of Technology / Masters of Engineering (M.Tech/M.E – 2 years)

 

Eligibility:

10 or 10+2 schooling for Diploma

10+2 schooling with 60% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM) stream or 10+Diploma in Aerospace Engineering for B.Tech.

Graduation in Engineering for M.Tech.

Pass the common entrance test conducted by the state or central government and the entrance exam by the specific private university.

 

Top Aerospace Engineering Colleges in India are:

 

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Madras)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Mumbai)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kharagpur)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kanpur)
  • Hindustan Inst. of Technology and Science (HITS Chennai)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Guwahati)
  • College of Engineering, Anna University (CEG Chennai)
  • Indian Inst. of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST Shibpur, Howrah)
  • Birla Institute of Technology (BIT MESRA, Ranchi)
  • Amity University, Noida
  • SRM Engineering College, Kanchipuram
  • Sastra University, Tanjayur

 

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9. Environmental Engineering

 

Environmental Engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with developing infrastructure and processes to improve the quality of the environment.

 

If you look at the different types of engineering courses in India, Sanitary Engineering which was always a sub-branch of Civil Engineering is now known as Environmental Engineering and an independent area of study.

 

The main responsibilities of Environmental Engineers are to protect water from contamination by harmful chemicals, proper collection, treatment, and disposal of waste which is a need of the hour. Environmental Engineers work closely towards reducing air, soil, and water pollution by filtering out harmful contaminants released mainly through industries and agricultural practices.

 

One could be working as a public health specialist, research and development scientist, waste management officer, ecologist, agricultural engineer, environmental Consultant, etc.

 

Core Subjects:

Maths, Chemistry, Physics, Biology, and Geography

 

Type of Degrees:

Diploma in Environmental Engineering (Polytechnic Diploma – 3 years)

Bachelors of Technology / Bachelors of Engineering (B.Tech/B.E – 4 years)

Masters of Technology / Masters of Engineering (M.Tech/M.E – 2 years)

 

Eligibility:

10 or 10+2 schooling for Diploma

10+2 schooling with 60% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, Maths, and Biology (PCMB) stream or 10+Diploma in Environmental Engineering for B.Tech.

Graduation in Engineering for M.Tech.

Pass the common entrance test conducted by the state or central government and the entrance exam by the specific private university.

 

Top Environmental Engineering Colleges in India are:

 

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Madras)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT New Delhi)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Mumbai)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kharagpur)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kanpur)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Guwahati)
  • College of Engineering, Anna University (CEG Chennai)
  • NIT Tiruchirappalli
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT BHU Varanasi)
  • Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT Mumbai)
  • Jadavpur University (JU Kolkata)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Bhubaneswar)

 

10. Textile Engineering

 

Textile Engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the technology, processes, and production of textiles. Textiles Engineers learn everything about the textile industry, from the basics of textiles to the technology and processes used for their design and manufacturing.

 

Textile Engineering might not be as well known as the other different types of engineering courses in India but clothing being one of the most necessities, there is always a scope of work in the textile industry. India is one of the biggest hubs for textile manufacturing with over a thousand textile mills across the country.

 

A Textile Engineer can work in government or private sectors in departments such as R&D, designing and maintenance of textile machines, quality control, etc, and one also go-ahead to become textile designers by taking up specializations in a master’s degree.

 

Core Subjects:

Maths, Chemistry, Computer Science, Design

 

Type of Degrees:

Diploma in Textile Engineering (Polytechnic Diploma – 3 years)

Bachelors of Technology / Bachelors of Engineering (B.Tech/B.E – 4 years)

Masters of Technology / Masters of Engineering (M.Tech/M.E – 2 years)

 

Eligibility:

10 or 10+2 schooling for Diploma

10+2 schooling with 60% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM) stream or 10+Diploma in Textile Engineering for B.Tech/B.E.

Graduation in Biotechnology for M.Tech/M.E.

Pass the common entrance test conducted by the state or central government and the entrance exam by the specific private university.

 

Top Textile Engineering Colleges in India are:

 

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Delhi)
  • Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT Mumbai)
  • P.S.G College of Technology (PSGCT Coimbatore)
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT Jalandhar)
  • Inst. of Information Technology and Management, New Delhi
  • Mumbai University, Maharashtra
  • Technological Institute of Textiles (TIT Haryana)
  • UP Textile Technology Institute
  • College of Engineering, Anna University (CEG Chennai)
  • Narsee Monjee Institute of Technology (NMIMS Mumbai)
  • Rajasthan Technical University
  • College of Textile Technology, West Bengal

 

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