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A Step By Step Guide On How To Choose A Career Path In 2024

It is important to have clarity about your aspirations and goals. Many students these days, seek answers on how to choose a career, here are a few tips that will help you.


A Guide On How To Choose A Career Path



Choose a job that brings out the passion in you and the one which will make you feel you have never to work a single day in your life. Run behind excellence, not behind the monetary return, and then success will invariably follow you.


How To Choose A Career That Will Help to Realize your Career Goals and Objectives

Choose a job that brings out the passion in you and the one which will make you feel you have never to work a single day in your life. Run behind excellence, not behind the monetary return, and then success will invariably follow you. “Do what you love and love what you do” is the most mantra for success.

Choosing The Right Career

With innumerable options available it’s a task to choose a career that’s right for you? You need to choose a career in such a way that it matches your skills, interests, and the one which you will be able to do with a lot of passion, and most importantly it should be rewarding concerning monetary gain.


The right age begins very early starting from school, and it’s important to have the right framework in your mind which will ultimately help to meet the desired goal. You will find that the people who are successful in their respective careers have always had a foundation at a very early age be it, Mr. Sachin. Tendulkar in the world of cricket or the world-famous scientist, “Isaac Newton” who had started experimenting with a lot of things including optics, and even colors for that matter right after school.


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Following are the stepping stones or important points based on which you can make a good decision on how to choose a career.

1. Assess Yourself

There is something that each one of us is good at, which are our “Strengths” and there are certain “weaknesses.” Having the necessary soft skills, an aptitude with the right personality will make certain occupations apt for you and others a misfit.


SWOT Analysis

The best way to identify your (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) is by simply doing a SWOT analysis. This will help you to analyze yourself and make the right career choice.


If you still can’t decide what’s right for you, then the combination of self-assessment tools and career tests will help you make the right decision. There is further help in addition to the self-assessment tools in the form of career counselors who will help you with the right aptitude tests to choose the right career path for you.


2. Make A List Of Occupations & Know Your Options:

Make a list of occupations and compile them into one master list. You must have narrowed down about 10 to 20 options, depending on your personality type, skills, and interests.


The best way to find out some basics about these Career Options is by using local search engines. The most ideal way to analyze is to start searching about job descriptions on websites that offer job opportunities, educational training required to qualify for that job and advanced opportunities available abroad, licensing required in published sources.


3. Make A Career Choice

After gathering all the relevant facts about the narrowed career choices, choose a career that you will be the most passionate about, and the one which seems to be highly satisfying.


4. Set Short Term And Long-term Goals

After setting the platform to choose a career, the next step is towards building achievable goals, be it short-term or long-term. Short term goals could be the one which could be achieved within a span of 6 months to 3 years like finding the right resources like finding the related institutes, applying to college and internships, etc. Long-term goals are goals that you can achieve within 6 months to 3 years. Long-term goals can be finishing your education or training.


5. Write A Career Action Plan

A career action plan is nothing, but a clear-cut road map that will help you to reach from point A to the desired destination point. For that, it’s important to follow the previous step more proactively of setting goals and identify any particular barriers that come in the way of achieving your goals. Writing a Career action plan seems like a lot of work, but it will help you to avoid any uncertainties in the long run.


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How to choose a career After 12th

The most important milestone to choose a career in one’s life comes right after passing the 12th standard. It’s the most important benchmark wherein a student’s career is decided depending on the percentage of marks obtained in the HSC exam. For those wanting to be a doctor or an engineer, it’s indefinitely the CET (Common Entrance Exam) marks that will ultimately decide the fate of your career.


But there is no need to worry if you don’t achieve the desired marks, there are plenty of career options to choose from:-

You can also follow this article to know more about career options after 12th



You can also follow this article to know more about Career options after 12th science 



1. The Health Care Industry

There is a strong demand for the healthcare industry which is rapidly growing and driven by rising income, alarming need for health awareness with most of them succumbing to lifestyle-related diseases.

Attractive Opportunities

The Government of India is aiming to increase spending on healthcare and with mergers and acquisitions in the healthcare sector, there is a huge opportunity in this industry.


Medical courses are in demand, but it’s also a reputed field, and which demands a lot of hard work.

Whether you have done a diploma, degree, or master’s degree you will have excellent career opportunities. Opportunities are ample, there are so many industries, organizations, pharmaceuticals, and hospitals in India as well as abroad.


This is one of the highest-paid professions in India as well as abroad. A doctor with an M. S or M. D degree can earn starting with a minimum of 60 to 65,000 per month and can go high depending on the number of years of experience.

One can choose to become a doctor in other fields like BAMS (Ayurvedic), BHMS (Homeopathy), BUMS (Unani), BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery Course), B.VScH (Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry), and B.Sc. (Nursing)

Depending on the right skill set and considering the demand for the profession, the sky is the limit for these professionals.



You can choose your career and the best possible option out of the following listed medical courses:-

You can apply to a variety of courses after 12th Science including paramedical field like:-

1. Optometry

Optometry is a health care profession that involves examining eyes and detecting defects in the eye and correcting refractive error with glasses, contact lenses.


DIPLOMA COURSE: It is a three-year course that can be pursued right after completing the 10th Standard.

DEGREE COURSE: It is a four-year course which can be pursued post completing 12th Standard.

You can further pursue Masters in Optometry, M Phil, and a Ph.D. in Optometry.


Optometrists can be employed in Hospitals, Multinational Companies, and academic institutions as a professor, optical outlet or can start a private optometric practice or a retail optical outlet


Optometrists can earn 4-5 lakhs as a fresher and the pay scale will go up depending on the skill set and the number of years of experience.


2. Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is a treatment to maintain a patient’s mobility and Physiotherapy helps through physical rehabilitation by addressing the underlying physical issues.



A minimum of 50% is required in the HSC exam which is mandatory for admission. You also need to clear the entrance exam Common Entrance Test (CET) and All India Medical Entrance Examination (AIMEE) to get into the bachelor’s degree


Several institutes offer post-graduation and doctorate programs in Physiotherapy.


You can be employed as a Consultant Physiotherapist in Multi-speciality hospitals, health care centers and NGOs, Corporate Physiotherapists in MNCs, and as a Physiotherapist instructor in gymnasiums, in Sports and Fitness Centers, and in Defence Establishments.


A physiotherapist can start with 3 lakhs per year and go up to 12 lakhs per year and even more than that as one gains experience in this field.


3. Pharmacy

Pharmacist involves interpreting physician’s orders, dispensing medication, and detects therapeutic incompatibilities.



Diploma in Pharmacy offers 2 years entry-level diploma course post 10th standard.


B Pharma is a 4-year bachelor’s degree course if you aspire to be a pharmacist, and appearing for MHT-CET (Common Entrance Test) is the most important criteria to qualify for BPharm.


M Pharm requires 2 years to complete the Masters in pharmacy.


PharmD or Doctor of Pharmacy requires a total number of 6 years which includes 5 years of learning and 1 year of Internship.


• Post completing a degree in Pharmacy, you can be employed in the production and manufacturing sector in Pharma since there is a demand for vaccines.

• There’s a lot of research and development done in this industry, entering into R&D allows you to not only work as a scientist in this field but also work in the manufacturing sector and quality control department.

• They can even explore the field of Marketing, Sales and work as Project Managers. In addition to this, they can even work as drug inspectors.

• To enter into the field of academics in the world of Pharmacy, one needs to pass NET (National Eligibility Test) or SET (State Eligibility Test) to teach diploma students. To teach degree students one needs to complete M. Pharm or Ph.D. 

• Pharmaceutical biotechnology is a completely new and upcoming field wherein Pharmacists have a very high demand in this field.


Freshers in this field can start from an average of 2 to 5 lakhs per annum and with experience sky is the limit for these professionals.

This is such a profession wherein there are plenty of options and one can consider choosing it as a career since the demand is huge and is a highly rewarding profession.


4. Biotechnology 

Biotechnology is a technology that utilizes biological systems, living organisms to develop or create different products.


B.Sc. BIOTECHNOLOGY: It’s a three-year course post 12th standard and requires a minimum of 50-55%.

MSc BIOTECHNOLOGY is a two-year postgraduate program that focuses on the application of biology and chemistry in the field of technology, design, and engineering.


A Ph.D. in biotechnology usually takes around 3 to 5 years to complete.


• Biotechnology is the most progressive field and its widespread application across multiple industries makes it one of the fastest-growing fields and biotechnologists can choose to work in a variety of organizations like government organizations, private sector, and clinical laboratories.

• Biotechnologists can even work in companies that have Research & Development units as Medical Scientists.


Freshers can start with 3 per annum and can go much higher depending on the experience


5. Architecture

The term, ‘Architecture’ is used to describe physical structures, such as buildings, and an architect is involved in designing and constructing buildings.



Bachelors Of Architecture is a 5 years program post 12th standard Science and one needs to clear the NATA entrance exam to qualify for B.Arch.


MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE is a 2 years program and requires an entrance exam (GATE, SEED) to qualify for M.Arch.


Ph.D. in ARCHITECTURE is a 2 years program, whereas, Ph.D. in Architecture (Urban Planning) is also a 2-year program, whereas, Ph.D. in planning is a 3 years program.


• Demand is more whereas supply is less in this profession, there is a huge demand for trained architects in India. There are a lot of private construction companies that are willing to pay attractive packages to train architects.

• Once trained they can work in various private firms, universities, and also there is huge scope abroad especially in developed International markets like the USA, Dubai, and Australia.

• One can choose a career as an architect since the Career is in demand, paid the most attractive packages, and has ample potential to grow shortly.


A fresher architect can earn up to 2 lakhs per annum and whereas an experienced architect can earn up to 11 to 12 lakhs per annum and even more with the right skills and number of years of experience.


6. B.Sc. (IT And Software) And Bachelors Of Computer Application

B.Sc. IT involves core areas like operating systems, data structure, and database applications which is the hardware component.

BCA covers courses in programming, software engineering, and visual programming which is the software component.


B.Sc. IT is a three-year semester after completing 12th standard Science whereas BCA is also a three-year course and which has an entrance exam post completing 12th Science

M.Sc. IT and MCA both have a duration of 2 years and need a minimum of 50% marks to qualify.

Ph.D. after MCA requires a minimum of 3 to 5 years, depending on the course and university you have chosen. Having a Ph.D. in IT can open an array of opportunities in management or leadership positions and requires a minimum of 3 years to complete the same.


• How do you choose a career in IT or Computer Applications?

BCA is almost equivalent to a BTech and while studying BCA you have an additional advantage of doing specializations in fields like data analytics and data science.

B.Sc. It is beneficial for someone who also wants to pursue a career in the field of academics and research. Those who take Maths and statistics can get a job as a Data Science Analyst.

• Some job opportunities that a B.Sc. IT graduate or MSC IT post-graduate can get in the corporate sector as a Computer Engineer, Software Engineer, IT Consultant

• BCA or MCA on the other hand can get job opportunities in the corporate sector as a Software Developer, Programmer, Engineer, IT System Analyst, Software Consultant, Web Designer, Technical Writer, Quality Assurance and Software Testing, System Support Administrator.

• Both the degrees give excellent employment opportunities those who are more inclined to work in software and computer applications can pursue BCA, whereas those wanting to pursue B.Sc. It should have a solid foundation and a passion for Science and Mathematics. Several employers prefer someone who has an excellent scientific background to application-based.


Salary for a fresher in IT (Information technology) starts with 2.5 to 4 lakhs per annum and goes up to 10 to 12 lakhs with experience.

Salary for a BCA graduate is very much on similar terms and starts with roughly 2.5 lakhs per annum.

In addition to these top courses mentioned, there are many others like Occupational therapy, a degree in Environmental Science, a career in Aviation and many others and the best part of it is that a student of Science can switch and choose a career from other fields, i.e. Arts and Commerce.

You can follow this article to find out more about career options after the 12th Arts




There are some courses which even be done even after 12th Science as well as after 12th Commerce like BMS (Bachelors Of Management Studies), BBA (Bachelors of Business Administration), BMM (Bachelors in Mass Media)

You can follow this article to know more about career options at 12th Commerce 



1. BMS (Bachelors of Management Studies) 

Bachelor of Management Studies is a three-year program post 12th (Science, Commerce or Arts) that gives in-depth knowledge about Human Resource Management, Economics, and business studies.


BMS is a three-year program and admission to the program is based on an entrance exam such as UGAT.

Few colleges take admissions based on the merit list and not the entrance exam.

MMS is a 2-year postgraduate course that focuses on the domain of management studies.

Ph.D. in Management Studies is a 3-year full-time doctorate course and eligibility for this course is 60% and above.


• After completing BMS one can work in Administration and Operations wherein you will get to work in an important management position. Project management-related jobs will allow you to work on projects at an executive or managerial level.

• You will also get to work in Human Resource Management and Development, Enterprise Management and in Customer Management Department.

• Data Management is the next big thing, and one needs to be pro at using multiple software, data management, and analysis of the same.

• You can be part of the accounting and finance department of the company and also in the communications department.

You can choose a career out of the above-listed options post completion of the BMS course.


The average starting salary for one with a BMS degree is 3 to 5 lakhs per annum. Salary goes on increasing with the right skillset and experience.


2. Bachelor Of Business Administration (BBA)

BBA is designed in such a way that it helps to understand business-oriented concepts. Some BBA courses allow you to do specialization in marketing, finance, and HR management.


BBA is a three-year course and requires a minimum of 50% to 60% in 10+2.

MBA is a two-year full-time course and three years part-time course offering specialization in Marketing, HR (Human resources), and Finance.

Ph.D. in business administration is a research-based course and takes about 3 to 5 years to complete.


• Post doing BBA one can become a data scientist, some people have a misconception that it is only for tech grads.

• Digital marketing is the fastest-growing field, and the worth of digital marketing is about $68 billion. After getting the certification of BBA one can get a job as a Digital Marketing Manager, Social Media Manager, or an SEO specialist

• One can get a job as a “Product Manager” who is responsible to handle product planning and its execution.

• One can get into the world of cryptocurrency by becoming a blockchain expert. The demand for blockchain experts is very high. Choosing a career as a graduate in BBA does offer many lucrative opportunities and is a highly rewarding profession.


On average post completion of BBA, a fresher earns from 2 to 3 lakhs per annum which can go up to 10 to 15 lakhs or even more depending on the experience.


3. Chartered Accountancy  (CA) 

Chartered Accountants are hired to handle the accounting details of an organization


Chartered Accountancy course is a five-year duration course post 12th hence in one needs to have a focused approach in case one needs to opt for a C.A.


A Chartered Accountant can pursue a career in the following firms: Internal Auditing, Tax auditing, Forensic auditing, Career in Accounting and Finance, Taxation Advisory, Managing Treasury function.


CA is one of the highest-paid professions, especially in a country like India. The average salary of fresher Chartered Accountants in India ranges from 6-7 lakhs to 30 lakhs with several years of experience.


4. Chartered Financial Analyst Program (CFA) 

Chartered Financial Analyst is a post-graduate professional certification offered by the American-based CFA institute which is the highest level global certification in the field of Finance to investment and finance professionals.


CFA takes almost 4 years to complete.


There is a significant benefit regarding career growth for CFA, and one can work as a Research Analyst, Corporate Financial Analyst, Auditor, Credit Analyst, Relationship Manager, and Portfolio Manager.


The average salary for a fresher starts from 6.8 lakhs per annum and goes up to 25 to 30 lakhs per year.


5. Company Secretary (CS)

Company Secretary is a senior position in a private company or public sector organization who is responsible for looking after overall administration while taking into account relevant legislation and regulation and ensure that the company and its directors operate within the law.


The course takes a minimum of 3 years to complete from the date of admission.


• The demand for Company Secretaries is very high as the corporate firms require advice from the CS as they know all the applicable laws.

• Company Secretaries give services in areas such as legal, Secretarial and Corporate Governance, Corporate Restructuring, Financial Management, Project Planning, etc.


The salary package for a fresher CS starts from 3 lakhs per can go up to 12 to 15 lakhs per annum.

Additionally, a commerce graduate can opt for Banking, LLB, Operations, and Marketing, etc.



“How to Choose a Career” is a life-changing question that needs to be carefully thought of. One can seek help at any point either in the form of friends, career counselors since I have realized that “You can just ask” and you will be surprised at how many people are ready to offer help.

Just reading articles or going through some piece of career advice in the “Education Times” will also not help. It will give a fair background for the course. 

Thorough research needs to be done, taking into consideration the prospects, and also the monetary gain after doing a particular course.

Also, just because a course from a particular institute seems exciting don’t just immediately jump at the prospect, but check for proper affiliations with a proper university will go a long way in safeguarding your career and your prospects.

Also identifying your liking towards a particular course if not known to you can be found out by using aptitude tests. This may look like a lot of work, but taking these steps early in your career will save you from a lot of struggle and uncertainty in the long run. 


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